The publication is the final stage of research and therefore a responsibility for all researchers. Scholarly publications are expected to provide a detailed and permanent record of research. Because publications form the basis for both new research and the application of findings, they can affect not only the research community but also, indirectly, society at large.
Researchers, therefore, have a responsibility to ensure that their publications are honest, clear, accurate, complete, and balanced, and should avoid misleading, selective, or ambiguous reporting. Journal editors also have responsibilities for ensuring the integrity of the research literature and these are set out in the following guidelines.
These guidelines aim to establish international standards for authors of scholarly research publications and to describe responsible research reporting practices. We hope these standards will be endorsed by research institutions, funders, and professional societies; promoted by editors and publishers; and will aid in research integrity training.
Publication Ethics & Guidelines for Authors
(a) Reporting Standards
Authors of reports of original research should demonstrate an exact history of the work done as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The fundamental data should be represented correctly in the article. An article should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to repeat the study. Counterfeit or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
(b) Data Access and Retention
Authors may be asked to furnish the raw data in connection with an article for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if possible, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
(c) Originality and Plagiarism
The writers should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many shapes, from the publishing of another‘s article as the author‘s own composition, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another‘s article (without acknowledgment), to claiming results from research led by others. Piracy in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
(d) Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
An author should not in general publish articles describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same article to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published article.
(e) Acknowledgement of Sources
Proper recognition of the work of others must always be made. Authors should cite publications that have been important in determining the nature of the reported study. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the author. Data received in the form of confidential services, such as refereeing articles or grant applications, must not be used without the expressed written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.
(f) Authorship of the Article
Authorship should be restricted to those who have made a substantial contribution to the conception, invention, implementation, or interpretation of the reported work. All those who have produced significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the article, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final edition of the article and have agreed to its entry for publishing.
(g) Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the article. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the article contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them. Writers should include a statement in the article that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human cases. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
(h) Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors should disclose in their article any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their article. All roots of fiscal backing for the task should be given away.
(i) Fundamental Errors in Published Works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author‘s duty to quickly advise the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article. If the editor or the publisher finds out from a third party that a published study comprises a substantial mistake, it is the responsibility of the author to promptly retract or correct the composition or offer evidence to the editor of the rightness of the original article.
Publication Ethics & Guidelines for Editorial Board
Aksh – The Advance Journal follows publication ethics guidelines in accordance with the COPE’s Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing for any article(s) submitted and published in the Journal.
In assessing the presented articles, the editors should limit themselves exclusively to the intellectual content. The editors should not be partial by matters such as race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editors can choose to disregard any material that breaks legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors must ensure the confidentiality of the submitted works until they are published online. Peer-reviewed articles support and illustrate the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor(s), the peer reviewer(s), the publisher and the all society member(s) of this journal.
(a) Publication Decisions
The editor of Aksh – The Advance Journal is responsible for determining which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the study in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editor may be maneuvered by the policies of the journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.
(b) Fair Plays
An editor should evaluate articles for their intellectual content without paying attention to race, gender, sexual orientation, spiritual belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
The editor and any editorial board members must not reveal any data about a submitted article to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
(d) Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted article must not be applied in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the writer. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be held confidential and not utilized for personal advantage. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to critique and look at) from considering articles in which they cause conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or associations with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the written document. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If required, other appropriate action should be considered, such as the publishing of a retraction or expression of vexation.
(e) Participation and Cooperation in Investigations
An editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethics complaints have been submitted concerning a submitted article in conjunction with the publisher. Such measures will generally include contacting the writer of the article or report and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, and if the complaint is upheld, the publishing of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.